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Blog > What are the different types of ISO standards? Which are the ones more relevant for GRC?

What are the different types of ISO standards? Which are the ones more relevant for GRC?

VComply Editorial Team
November 1, 2023
5 minutes

The International Organization for Standardization (ISO) develops standards that guide how different industries and businesses should do operations. These standards help make sure that products and services are good quality, safe, efficient, and work well together. 

Think of ISO rules as a blueprint, like a recipe for making something. These rules can cover making products, running processes, offering services, or handling materials – they cover a wide range of tasks. ISO understands the needs of different organizations, like companies that make things, sell things, or use things. They also consider what governments and other regulatory or industry organizations require. 

For example: 

  • Quality standards help businesses work better and make fewer mistakes in their products. 
  • Environmental standards help protect the Earth by reducing waste and using resources wisely. 
  • Safety standards at work make accidents and injuries less likely. 
  • Energy standards help save energy and protect the environment. 
  • Food standard rules keep our food safe to eat. 
  • IT security standards protect our sensitive information from hackers and other threats. 

What are the different types of ISO standards?

Here are some of the different types of ISO standards: 

  • ISO 9000 – Quality Management: Standards in the ISO 9000 family focus on quality management systems and help organizations ensure that they meet customer and regulatory requirements while continuously improving their processes. 
  • ISO 14000 – Environmental Management: These standards provide guidelines for environmental management systems to help organizations minimize their environmental impact and comply with environmental regulations. 
  • ISO 27000 – Information Security: ISO 27000 series standards address information security management systems. They help organizations protect sensitive information and manage security risks effectively. 
  • ISO 22000 – Food Safety: These standards focus on food safety management systems, ensuring the safety of food products from farm to fork. ISO 22000 helps food industry players maintain the integrity of their products. 
  • ISO 45001 – Occupational Health and Safety: ISO 45001 standards provide a framework for establishing occupational health and safety management systems to protect employees and other stakeholders from work-related hazards.
  • ISO 26000 – Social Responsibility: ISO 26000 offers guidance on social responsibility and helps organizations operate in an ethical and socially responsible manner, considering the impact of their activities on society and the environment. 
  • ISO 50001 – Energy Management: These standards focus on energy management systems, enabling organizations to improve energy efficiency, reduce energy costs, and lower their environmental impact. 
  • ISO 13485 – Medical Devices: ISO 13485 sets quality management system requirements for organizations involved in the design, manufacturing, and distribution of medical devices. 
  • ISO 31000 – Risk Management: ISO 31000 provides principles and guidelines for effective risk management in organizations, helping them identify, assess, and manage risks systematically. 
  • ISO 9001 – Quality Management System: As previously mentioned, ISO 9001 is a specific standard within the ISO 9000 family, emphasizing the requirements for a quality management system. 
  • ISO 10007 – Configuration Management: This standard focuses on the principles of configuration management, ensuring that an organization’s products or services meet specified requirements and changes are properly managed. 
  • ISO 22301 – Business Continuity Management: ISO 22301 provides a framework for establishing and maintaining a business continuity management system to ensure an organization’s resilience during disruptions. 
  • ISO 19600 – Compliance Management: This standard focuses on establishing a compliance management system that helps organizations comply with legal and regulatory requirements, reducing the risk of non-compliance. 
  • ISO 37001 – Anti-Bribery Management: ISO 37001 offers guidance on anti-bribery management systems, helping organizations prevent, detect, and address bribery and corruption. 
  • ISO 41001 – Facility Management: These standards help organizations effectively manage their facilities, optimizing their operations and maintenance for maximum efficiency.

These are just a few examples of the numerous ISO standards available, covering a wide range of areas, from quality management and environmental sustainability to risk management and information security. Each standard is designed to address specific aspects of an organization’s operations, ensuring international best practices and quality. 

What Is the Difference Between ISO and ANSI?

ISO (International Organization for Standardization) and ANSI (American National Standards Institute) are two different organizations that develop and publish standards. Here are the key differences between ISO and ANSI: 

1. Scope of Operation

  • ISO: ISO is an international organization that develops and publishes standards on a global scale. It is composed of member bodies from various countries. 
  • ANSI: ANSI is a U.S.-based organization focused on developing and promoting standards within the United States. It represents American interests in the development of international standards. 

2. Geographical Focus

  • ISO: ISO standards have a global focus and are meant to be applicable and adopted worldwide. ISO standards are often used as a basis for national and regional standards. 
  • ANSI: ANSI’s standards primarily apply to the United States. While some ANSI standards are adopted internationally, they are more regionally focused. 

3. Membership and Structure

  • ISO: ISO is a federation of national standardization bodies from various countries. Each member body represents its country’s interests in developing and adopting ISO standards. 
  • ANSI: ANSI is a private, non-profit organization that coordinates the development of voluntary national standards in the United States. It includes a broad range of stakeholders, including industry representatives, government agencies, consumer groups, and more. 

4. Standard Development Process

  • ISO: ISO standards are developed through a consensus-based process that involves input and collaboration from experts, stakeholders, and national standards bodies from different countries. ISO standards are often used as a basis for national standards in ISO member countries. 
  • ANSI: ANSI facilitates the development of American National Standards through accredited standards development organizations (SDOs). These SDOs work within ANSI’s framework to create standards, and the process often involves public review and comment. 

5. Standard Numbering

  • ISO: ISO standards are typically identified by a number (e.g., ISO 9001 for quality management). The numbering system varies by type and category of standards. 
  • ANSI: ANSI standards are often identified by a designation such as “ANSI/ABC 1000-2022,” where “ABC” represents the acronym of the standards developer, and the numbers indicate the standard’s designation. 

6. Applicability

  • ISO: ISO standards cover a wide range of topics, including quality management, environmental management, information security, and many others. 
  • ANSI: ANSI standards also cover a wide range of fields, including manufacturing, technology, safety, and more, but with a primary focus on U.S. industries and regulations. 

7. International Adoption

  • ISO: ISO standards are frequently adopted internationally, and many national standards bodies incorporate ISO standards into their own national standards. 
  • ANSI: ANSI standards primarily apply to the United States, but some may be adopted or referenced by other countries and regions. 

It’s important to note that while ISO and ANSI have different scopes and areas of influence, there is often collaboration and alignment between them. ANSI often participates in the development of ISO standards and facilitates the adoption of international standards in the United States. Additionally, many organizations and industries may use both ISO and ANSI standards to meet their specific needs and objectives.

What Are the Relevant ISO Standards for GRC?

GRC (Governance, Risk Management, and Compliance) is a critical framework for managing an organization’s policies, procedures, and controls to achieve objectives, manage risks, and ensure compliance with regulations. Several ISO standards are relevant to various aspects of GRC.

Here are some of the key ISO standards related to Governance, Risk Management, and Compliance: 

  • ISO 19600 – Compliance Management Systems: ISO 19600 provides guidelines for establishing, implementing, maintaining, reviewing, and improving compliance management systems. It helps organizations integrate compliance into their overall GRC framework. 
  • ISO 31000 – Risk Management: ISO 31000 offers principles and guidelines for effective risk management. While it doesn’t provide a specific framework for GRC, it’s a foundational standard for integrating risk management into the GRC framework. 
  • ISO 22301 – Business Continuity Management: ISO 22301 focuses on business continuity management, ensuring that organizations can maintain critical operations during disruptions. This is a vital component of risk management and GRC. 
  • ISO 27001 – Information Security Management: ISO 27001 is a key standard for managing information security risks. It provides a framework for implementing security controls and managing information security risks, which is critical for GRC in the digital age. 
  • ISO 9001 – Quality Management: While primarily focused on quality management, ISO 9001 standards can be relevant to GRC as they deal with the management of processes and operations to achieve quality objectives. 
  • ISO 38500 – Corporate Governance of IT: ISO 38500 provides guidelines for the corporate governance of information technology. It’s particularly relevant for the governance component of GRC. 
  • ISO 14001 – Environmental Management: Organizations concerned with environmental risks and sustainability often implement ISO 14001 to manage environmental performance and risks. This can be integrated into a broader GRC framework. 
  • ISO 37001 – Anti-Bribery Management Systems: ISO 37001 is relevant for the compliance aspect of GRC. It provides guidance on establishing anti-bribery management systems to prevent and detect bribery and corruption. 
  • ISO 55000 – Asset Management: For organizations where asset management is a critical aspect of their operations, ISO 55000 standards provide guidance for managing assets and related risks. 
  • ISO 45001 – Occupational Health and Safety Management: ISO 45001 focuses on occupational health and safety management systems. It’s relevant for the risk management component of GRC, particularly when addressing workplace safety. 
  • ISO 26000 – Social Responsibility: ISO 26000 offers guidance on social responsibility and is relevant for organizations looking to incorporate social responsibility into their GRC framework. 

While these ISO standards address various components of GRC, it’s important to note that GRC itself is a holistic framework that requires integrating various aspects such as governance, risk management, and compliance. Organizations often create their own tailored GRC frameworks that encompass relevant ISO standards and other industry-specific regulations and standards to meet their specific needs and objectives. 

Implementing ISO standards with VComply

With VComply, streamlining and implementing ISO standards is easy. Our platform offers a comprehensive solution that integrates inbuilt controls, a structured framework, streamlined workflow, continuous monitoring, actionable insights, and efficient audit capabilities to ensure your organization’s information security management aligns with ISO 9001, ISO 27001 standards etc. Our inbuilt controls provide a robust foundation for your compliance efforts, helping you address information security risks effectively. Our structured framework guides you through the ISO requirements, ensuring you don’t miss critical elements. The workflow capabilities streamline processes, making it easy to assign tasks, track progress, and collaborate effectively. Our audit features facilitate seamless assessments and reporting, ensuring your ISO compliance remains strong and auditable. With VComply, ISO standards implementation becomes a well-organized, efficient, and insightful process for your organization.

Demonstrate your commitment to quality by achieving ISO compliance effortlessly. Achieve excellence effortlessly, enhance your quality management system, and simplify the compliance processes. Sign up for a free demo, you can explore how VComply Compliance Management can assist you in developing a customized compliance program to meet your specific requirements.