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Blog > Leveraging an Automated Approach to Meet NERC Standards and Compliance

Leveraging an Automated Approach to Meet NERC Standards and Compliance

VComply Editorial Team
November 8, 2023
5 minutes

Electric utilities must adhere to strict operational and planning rules set by NERC, the North American Electric Reliability Corporation. Still, a significant number of compliance teams continue to grapple with labor-intensive, manual methodologies for maanging and maintaining these standards. They often rely on a series of spreadsheets, email correspondence, and makeshift tools to manage NERC compliance. While these methods might suffice in the early stages, they invariably reveal their inadequacy as compliance demands and tasks escalate. The consequence is a proliferation of compliance gaps, suboptimal processes, and resource limitations that impede the attainment of comprehensive compliance.

Adopting a Systematic Approach to Meet NERC Standards

The demanding landscape of NERC compliance requires a more sophisticated and efficient approach. The reliance on manual methods proves to be unsustainable as utilities encounter increasingly intricate regulatory requirements and growing responsibilities. The repercussions of this reliance on outdated processes are manifold: compliance gaps emerge, operational processes become less efficient, and the constraints on available resources hinder the attainment of high overall compliance rates.

Furthermore, organizations frequently find themselves falling into the common pitfall of treating compliance as a standalone function rather than seamlessly integrating it into their core business processes. Compliance should naturally evolve as an outcome of streamlined, business-centric processes, rather than being the sole impetus for process design. Embracing an automated approach, the one offered by technology platforms, serves as an antidote to the burdensome weight of compliance obligations. It not only facilitates the establishment and upkeep of operational and planning processes geared toward ensuring compliance but also elevates the overall value of these processes to the business.

It is evident that a more modern and streamlined approach is essential to meeting NERC standards effectively. Automating processes not only helps create and maintain compliance-focused operations and planning but also adds value to the business. The benefits of automating tasks reach both tactical and strategic levels. For everyday compliance operations, tools like VComply can handle task scheduling, tracking and managing controls, compliance assessment, evidence automation, and managing many NERC compliance-related activities. This eliminates the need for manual tracking, making compliance teams more efficient.

At a strategic level, automation provides a broader perspective. It allows utility providers to step back and evaluate how well their compliance efforts are working. By managing compliance using an automated approach instead of getting overwhelmed by numerous manual tasks, organizations can allocate resources wisely, make better decisions, and elevate their entire NERC compliance strategy to a more strategic level.

What Are the Major Standards as per NERC?

NERC, the North American Electric Reliability Corporation, sets forth a range of standards and regulations to ensure the reliability and security of the electric grid in North America. The major regulations as per NERC include:

CIP – Critical Infrastructure Protection: This set of standards focuses on protecting critical infrastructure in the electric sector from cybersecurity threats. It includes measures for securing the electronic perimeters of critical assets and protecting sensitive information.

SIP – System Integrity Protection: SIP standards address the reliability and stability of the bulk power system. They cover aspects like protection system maintenance, protection system misoperation, and relay loadability.

COM – Communications: These standards relate to the reliable exchange of real-time data and information within the power grid. They ensure that critical data is communicated securely and in a timely manner.

IRO – Interconnection Reliability Operations and Coordination: IRO standards govern the operation of the interconnected power system. They focus on maintaining system reliability, ensuring coordinated operations, and addressing operational risks.

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PER – Emergency Preparedness and Operations: PER standards are designed to ensure that utilities are adequately prepared to respond to and recover from emergency situations. They include requirements for emergency training and drills.

TPL – Transmission Planning: TPL standards pertain to the planning and coordination of the bulk power system’s transmission facilities. They aim to ensure the efficient and reliable operation of the grid.

MOD – Generator Operations: These standards focus on the reliable operation of generating units, including requirements for power plant startup and shutdown, voltage and frequency control, and more.

EOP – Emergency Operations: EOP standards address the coordination of actions during emergency situations, ensuring that utilities can respond effectively to maintain system reliability.

VAR – Voltage and Reactive Control: VAR standards cover the control of voltage and reactive power within the power system, which is essential for maintaining the system’s stability.

IRO – Interchange Scheduling and Coordination: These standards govern the scheduling and coordination of power transfers across the interconnected power system.

These are just some of the major regulations and standards set by NERC. Compliance with these standards is crucial to ensure the reliability and security of the electric grid, which is vital for the functioning of modern society.

Building an Effective Compliance Program to Ensure Compliance with NERC Standards

Creating controls to ensure compliance with NERC (North American Electric Reliability Corporation) standards involves a systematic approach to managing processes, data, and procedures. Here are steps to help you establish controls for NERC standards compliance:

1. Identify Applicable NERC Standards:

Begin by identifying the specific NERC standards that apply to your organization based on your role and responsibilities in the electric grid. Different entities, such as generators, transmission operators, and distribution providers, have distinct obligations.

2. Form a Compliance Team: 

Assemble a dedicated team responsible for NERC compliance. This team should include subject matter experts, compliance officers, and individuals from relevant departments.

3. Empower Your CCO:

Empower your Chief Compliance Officer (CCO) to play a central role in your organization’s NERC compliance efforts. Provide the CCO with the authority and resources necessary to lead compliance initiatives effectively, and ensure that they have access to robust compliance management tools to streamline monitoring and reporting processes.

4. Compliance Risk Assessment: 

Conduct a comprehensive risk assessment to identify potential compliance risks and vulnerabilities. This assessment should consider both technical and procedural aspects.

5. Document Compliance Procedures: 

Develop documented procedures that outline how your organization will meet each relevant NERC standard. Ensure that these procedures are clear, accessible, and up-to-date.

6. Implement Technical Controls: 

For technical aspects of compliance, establish controls to monitor and manage critical infrastructure. This may include cybersecurity measures, data protection, and asset management.

7. Training and Awareness: 

Provide training and awareness programs for employees to ensure they understand their roles in NERC compliance and how to follow established procedures.

8. Regular Audits and Assessments: 

Conduct routine internal audits and assessments to verify compliance with NERC standards. These audits should cover both technical and procedural aspects.

9. Incident Response Plan: 

Develop an incident response plan that outlines the steps to be taken in the event of non-compliance or security incidents. This plan should include reporting procedures and remediation measures.

10. Continuous Monitoring: 

Implement tools and processes for continuous monitoring of critical infrastructure, data, and systems to identify potential compliance issues in real-time.

11. Documentation and Records Management: 

Maintain detailed records of compliance activities, audit findings, and any corrective actions taken. Ensure that these records are well-organized and accessible.

12. Testing and Validation: 

Regularly test and validate controls to ensure their effectiveness in maintaining compliance. This may include vulnerability assessments and testing of cybersecurity measures.

13. External Reporting:  

Be prepared to provide documentation and reports to external entities, such as NERC auditors or regulatory authorities, when required.

14. Periodic Review and Improvement:

Continuously review your controls and procedures to identify areas for improvement. Make necessary adjustments to enhance compliance practices.

15. Change Management: 

Implement a change management process to evaluate and approve changes to systems, configurations, and procedures to ensure they do not compromise compliance.

16. Third-Party Assessments: 

Consider third-party assessments and audits to provide an independent evaluation of your compliance controls and practices.

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Streamlining NERC Compliance with VComply

Creating and maintaining controls for NERC standards compliance is an ongoing process that requires commitment, vigilance, and adaptability. Regularly update and refine your controls to stay in alignment with evolving NERC standards and industry best practices.

1. Setting up the NERC Framework: The first step involves defining the NERC requirement framework that aligns with your organization’s compliance needs. With VComply, you can either import the entire NERC framework from the library and tailor it to your requirements or create a customized framework manually. This ensures that your compliance efforts are well-aligned with the specific NERC standards applicable to your operations.

2. Establishing Compliance Centers Across Locations: VComply allows you to set up different responsibility centers across various locations. These centers are essential for actively contributing to compliance activities, making it unnecessary to physically travel to collect evidence. By centralizing these responsibilities within VComply, you ensure that all stakeholders can efficiently collaborate, share information, and coordinate their compliance efforts.

3. Promoting Collaboration and Continuous Communication: Collaboration and communication are vital aspects of successful NERC compliance. VComply facilitates this by onboarding people using their email IDs and creating different workgroups and responsibility centers specific to locations or teams. This digital collaboration approach minimizes the need for physical interaction, allowing stakeholders to communicate and share information seamlessly.

4. Creating and Managing Controls: Within VComply, you can create various controls specific to the NERC framework. These controls encompass oversight, assessment, and management of compliance-related activities. They also provide a structured way to track the progress of compliance tasks, ensure their completion, and identify potential gaps. Additionally, VComply supports risk assessment, helping you proactively identify and mitigate compliance risks.

5. Building an Evidence Repository: Evidence is a critical component of NERC compliance. VComply offers a dedicated evidence repository where stakeholders can attach relevant evidence to specific controls. This evidence serves as a demonstration of compliance with NERC standards. With all evidence centralized in one location, it becomes easy to review, validate, and verify compliance, reducing the risk of data loss and discrepancies.

6. Assessing Gaps and Auditing: VComply allows you to assess compliance gaps systematically. You can conduct audits and evaluations to ensure that your compliance efforts align with the NERC framework. Any discrepancies or issues that arise during this process can be managed using VComply’s issue management capabilities, which link incidents or reports to the corresponding controls. This ensures that issues are promptly addressed and resolved.

7. Reporting and Dashboard Insights: VComply offers reporting and dashboard features that provide insights into your compliance status. These visual representations of compliance data and performance metrics allow for better decision-making. Compliance leaders can track progress, identify areas of improvement, and make informed choices to enhance their overall approach to NERC compliance.


VComply streamlines NERC compliance by providing a centralized platform that covers the entire compliance lifecycle, from framework setup and evidence collection to risk assessment, issue management, and reporting. This approach ensures that compliance activities are well-coordinated, efficiently managed, and aligned with NERC standards, ultimately enhancing the reliability of power systems in the utilities sector.

Explore what makes VComply a consistent G2 high performer in Compliance Management. Request your demo today and transform your approach.